Im sure that 30 or 40 years from now people will be saying, Why did they make that decision?. Ohio News; Nation & World; Election 2021; . April 4, 1999 12:00 AM ET. "It was pure black. US Dept of Commerce After devastating what was left of Tanner, the tornado continued across rural Limestone County and into Madison County, where the communities of Capshaw and Harvest were devastated once again. It also heavily damaged the Penn Central bridge over the Tippecanoe River. In addition to the direct fatalities, two Ohio Air National Guardsmen deployed for disaster assistance were killed on April 17 when a fire swept through their temporary barracks in a furniture store.  Consequently, the storms increased in intensity and coverage as they moved into Illinois, Indiana, and northern Kentucky, producing several tornadoes, including the first F5 tornado of the day, at 19:20 UTC, near Depauw, Indiana.  The tornado weakened somewhat as it continued northeastward, passing through multiple Cincinnati neighborhoods and destroying numerous homes. What did the strongest tornado look like?  The National Weather Service office at Huntsville Jetplex was briefly "closed and abandoned" due to the severe weather conditions. Today marks the 49th anniversary of the Xenia Tornados, an event that wreaked havoc in Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky on April 3, 1974.  The West Virginia State Department of Highways provided two water trucks. We know we can pull together.. The storm came with no warning from the National Weather Service, but the Emergency Operating Center issued a tornado warning. 1997-7-2 - F2 Tornado: 5.8 mi.  Between the two outbreaks, an additional tornado was reported in Indiana in the early morning hours of April 3, several hours before the official start of the outbreak. Heavy damage to buildings in downtown Jasper. 36 people perished in the storm, thousands more were injured and left homeless. Some of the worst affected areas were Bridgetown, Mack, Dent and Delhi. However, a warm temperature plume in the elevated mixed layer kept thunderstorms from initiating at the surface. Questions? More than 500 homes. ** The video in the player above details information regarding the deadly tornado in a 2020 newscast ** XENIA, Ohio (WDTN) On Wednesday, April 3, 1974, a dangerous tornado struck the Miami The first tornado formed at 6:30pm CDT in Lawrence County, Alabama and ended just over 90 minutes later in Madison County, Alabama, killing 28 people. The next occurrence of two F5 tornadoes hitting the same state on the same day happened in March 1990 in Kansas, and then in both Mississippi and Alabama on April 27, 2011. Twenty-five years ago this weekend, the town of Xenia, Ohio was crushed by .  Numerous surface-based supercells began to develop in the southern area, beginning with one that produced an F3 tornado at about 16:30 UTC near Cleveland, Tennessee. The tornado first touched down near the small community of Mt. A funnel cloud formed west of the city; the storm hit shortly before 7:30 p.m, following a parallel path just north of the 1974 tornado path. It began as a moderate-sized tornado, then intensified while moving northeast at about 50 mph (80 km/h).  All but 10 homes in Martinsburg were destroyed; and in the Daisy Hill community homes were completely swept away at F5 intensity. , West Virginia Governor Moore declared 14 counties as disaster areas by April5 and requested the assistance of the National Guard. Cherokee Park, a historic 409-acre (1.66km2) municipal park located at Eastern Parkway and Cherokee Road, had thousands of mature trees destroyed. SEE how the Enhanced Fujita Scale, adopted in 2007, measures tornadoes.  Many businesses were also heavily damaged, and numerous trees and power lines were downed throughout the city.  It toppled headstones in Cherry Grove Cemetery, then moved through the length of the downtown business district, passing west of the courthouse (which sustained some exterior damage). An F3 tornado hit Cedarville May 14, 2014, tossing silos, lifting cars, badly damaging barns and homes, and destroying one home completely. Homes swept away and scattered across fields near Hazel Green, Alabama, as a result of the second F5 tornado to impact the area. The Guin tornado was originally believed by Fujita to have had a 132 miles (212km) long path, that went all the way from Vernon, to the small town of Hytop, just a few miles south of the Tennessee state line. "This boggles the mind," Ohio Gov. XENIA Its an anniversary people would rather not celebrate. Two of the fatalities in Tennessee occurred when a church was destroyed during service. Eight tornadoes touched down, including the longest-tracked single tornado of the outbreak: the 121mi (195km) F4 Monticello tornado. , Dick Gilbert, a helicopter traffic reporter for radio station WHAS-AM, followed the tornado through portions of its track including when it heavily damaged the Louisville Water Company's Crescent Hill pumping station, and gave vivid descriptions of the damage as seen from the air. With winds up to 70 miles per hour, the F4 tornado caused major structural damage throughout the city that night, including at the fairgrounds, churches, and businesses like Groceryland (now Grocerylan), which was flattened. The 1974 tornadoes forced updates to weather technology, storm warning systems, and federal disaster recovery.  The tornado had a peak width of 7001,760 yards (6401,610m). It was also the most violent tornado outbreak ever recorded, with 30 F4/F5 tornadoes confirmed. . The same storm would later strike the Cincinnati area, producing multiple tornadoes, including another F5 tornado.  The tornado formed near Bellbrook, Ohio, southwest of Xenia, at about 4:30pm EDT. Her husband and two other sons were severely injured,but survived. WCPO photographer Ron Fischer, who retired in 2017 after 50 years on the job, remembered flying in the station's helicopter with legendary anchorman Al Schottelkotte that day and shooting tornado damage. THE INITIAL TORNADO TOUCHDOWN IN GREENE COUNTY WAS ON A GOLF COURSE APPROXIMATELY 2 MILES SOUTHWEST OF THE GREENE COUNTY AIRPORT. One of the fatalities occurred when a woman was crushed by a school bus that flew into a ditch she was sheltering in. Damage was estimated at US$100 million ($471.7 million in 2013 dollars).. Editor's note: On April 3 and 4, 1974, a series of deadly tornadoes struck the Midwest, causing destruction and havoc and the loss of more than 300 lives. The F5 category tornado brought winds up to 250 miles an hour, bulldozing a half-mile-wide swath through Xenia. Copyright 2016 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This tornado produced heavy damage in the south end of the city, eventually damaging or destroying nearly 1,000 structures. "There is just no way to calculate the damage.  Numerous homes in Harvest and surrounding rural areas of the county were swept completely away and scattered, and extensive wind-rowing of debris was noted. A bathtub from one residence was found deeply embedded into the ground. Nearly half of the town's population of 25,000 were left homeless. These storms formed the second of three convective bands to generate tornadoes.  Past Irvington, the tornado tore directly through Brandenburg at F5 intensity, completely leveling and sweeping away numerous homes, some of which were well-built and anchor-bolted. There were no confirmed touchdowns in Greene County, but one reportedly hit Clark County. This was the first and only time in U.S. history that an entire state was under a tornado warning.. As electrical power had been knocked out to a substantial portion of the city, the radio station became a clearinghouse for vital information and contact with emergency workers, not only in Louisville but across the state of Kentucky due to its 50,000-watt clear-channel signal and the fact that storms had knocked numerous broadcasting stations in smaller communities, such as Frankfort, off the air. A total of 92 homes and 40 businesses were destroyed and 194 homes suffered major damage, officials said. Carolyn De Borde, 21, and sonsDelbert, 5, and Rodney, 3, were crushed to death when portions of their apartment building at 200 E. Galbraith Road in Hartwell collapsed on top of them. Consequently, CAPE levels in the region rose to 1,000 J/kg. She remembered the sound like a freight train and their house shaking. The 1969 tornado was rated F3 on the Fujita scale, which measures the degree of observed damage. Eighty-eight buildings in southern Kenton County were destroyed, including Janet Cooper's 175-year-old home. Possibly one of the most powerful tornadoes to ever hit Ohio happened in Xenia in 1974.  It began shortly before 4:30pm CDT or 5:30pm EDT in southeastern Indiana in Ohio County north of Rising Sun near the Ohio River. There were 61 tornadoes in . The U.S. >> MIAMI VALLEY TORNADOES: What you need to know now. Further along the track, many homes were swept away near Moulton. Photograph courtesy of United States Air Force, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.  The Federal Disaster Assistance Administration (later FEMA) indicated that trailers refurbished after the 1972 Buffalo Creek flood would be used to house displaced persons. The Xenia Tornado killed 32 people from Xenia to Wilberforce. Tanner was the first community to be hit, and many structures that were left standing after the first tornado were destroyed in the second one. The tornado finally dissipated south of Basham, destroying 546 structures, killing 28 people, and injuring 332 others. When it crossed the river and blasted into Sayler Park, virtually all communication was shut down. Nick is a Riverside native and has been a journalist in the Dayton area for more than 20 years.  The tornado crossed into Morgan County, causing additional destruction in rural areas near Hillsboro and Trinity. But nonetheless, the Shawnee were right. HUD arrived to organize housing, and President Nixon made an unannounced visit just days after the tragedy. There were 29 tornadoes in Ohio on July 12, 1992, and 19 on Nov. 10, 2002, the most of any days since 1950. There were a record 30 F4-F5 tornadoes in six states in a 24-hour period (April 3-4). Give Light and the People Will Find Their Own Way, PODCAST: High School Insider with Mike Dyer. All utilities were knocked out and communication with those off campus was nearly impossible. . The Super Outbreak set in motion a host of changes to weather reporting, including outdoor warning sirens, emergency power backup, and wider use of radar at NWS stations. , This half-mile (0.8km) wide F4 tornado developed (as part of a tornado family that moved from Illinois to Michigan for 260 miles) during the late afternoon hours. The tornado formed near Bellbrook, Ohio, southwest of Xenia, at about 4:30 pm EDT.  Several tombstones in the Cap Anderson cemetery were toppled and broken, and some were displaced a small distance. Readings restaurant row was hit hard. Forste died in the rubble of her house as Gorth and others tried to rescue her.